Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia. It has two big neighbours, China to the North whereas India to the east, west and south. With an area of 1,47,516 square kilometers and a population of approximately 30 million, Nepal is the world’s 93 largest country by land mass. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu which is widely famous as “City of Temples”.



Nepal on the North has eight of world’s ten highest mountain, including the highest peak Sagarmatha, also known as Mt. Everest. Major group of people practise Hinduism here. Nepal was the only Hindu nation in the world until 2007. Though minority of people in Nepal practise Buddhism, it is the birth place of Gautam Buddha who gave birth to the Buddhist tradition. The birth place of Buddha is still there in a place called Lumbini.

Birth Place of Gautam Buddha


Monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by Shah dynasty from 1768 when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified the nation from small kingdoms. In 2006, after decade long people revolution by Communist Party of Nepal( Maoist) along with several weeks mass protest by all the major political parties of Nepal ended in peace agreement, and as a result election for the constituent assembly voted overwhelmingly  in the favor of abdication of the last King Gyanendra Shah and establishment of a federal democratic republic in May 28, 2008. The first president of Nepal, Ram Baran Yadav was sworn 23rd July, 2008.

1.How many province are there in Nepal?

  • Currently there are 7 states in Nepal.

2.What currency is used in Nepal?

  • The Nepalese Rupee is an official currency in Nepal.

3. What language is spoken in Nepal?

  • Nepali language is widely spoken language here. Major population can communicate in English as well.

4.  Trekking seasons in Nepal

  • There are two major seasons for trekking in Nepal,   trekking season and the climbing season. Big peak climbing is usually done from March to May depending on what you plan to climb. This is also an excellent season for trekking. The peak season for trekking and tourism in Nepal is in Autumn, September to November. During this time, the temperatures are warmer and the monsoon rains have cleared the skies for the best views. However, Nepal experiences a high volume of visitors during this time, so if you are seeking a little solitude, it will be difficult to find.

The only season when it is not advisable to trek in the mountains is during the monsoon season from June to August. During this time, heavy rains plague Nepal. Due to the steep nature of the Himalaya, trekking becomes quite dangerous, as areas are prone to landslides.

5. What is the climate in Nepal?

  • The climate in Nepal varies by topography. The lowlands in the south are more humid and tropical than the high peaks of the Himalaya.


Each season is different and has unique features The challenges that you will have to face in each are different. We have tried to sort the weather conditions and the weather according to the four major toes. You can trek in any weather with proper preparation. The following seasons are classified according to the weather at the Everest Base Camp. This should serve as the best trekking season for you.


Spring at base camp

The Everest region is quiet during the spring. This is the perfect time to trek Everest Base Camp routes. March, April and May are the months of spring in Nepal.
You will find many trekkers from different countries at the Everest base camp. The test is crowded but you may get a chance to meet many other Everest climbers this season. Due to the large number of trekkers and EBC climbers, the base camp will definitely be crowded with many tents.
Spring is the flowering season, you can enjoy a variety of flowers along the trail at low altitudes. The sky will be clear this season. The average daytime temperature is 1 degree Celsius (i.e., above 4,000 meters). At higher altitudes, temperatures reach a maximum of 25 degree C on sunny days and drop to -1 degree C in the morning and at night.


Summer at Base camp

From June to August, it is summer in Nepal. Due to the monsoon, the trekking trails of the Everest region are wet. This season is considered a less favorable time to trek to Mount Everest Base Camp because of the high probability of frequent rain and cloudy weather. And, the weather in the Himalayas is unpredictable.

Landslides are possible in the lower hills and avalanches in the highlands. But if you are an aspiring botanist, this may be the best time to study the flora and fauna of the area.

Most tea houses along the Everest Base Camp Trek route will be closed this season. However there are few trekkers along the way and this time the trails will be almost empty.

You can hike in the summer for an adventurous adventure.


Autumn in base camp

Autumn is the perfect and popular time for trekkers to trek on the Everest Base Camp Trek route. In Nepal, September to November is autumn. At this time the weather will be the most stable and clear.

The sky is clear during the autumn period, giving you an excellent view of the mountains. You will be able to enjoy the magnificent landscape views from the Everest Base Camp Trails. Although the weather will usually be clear, the temperature will not be warm in autumn. But it’s not too cold. This is a comfortable time for hiking. Clearly, at higher altitudes the temperature is lower than at lower altitudes.
This period is favorable for trekking in this area, you will have to deal with very reasonable trekker traffic. This is a good time to consider an alternative to the lesser known routes that will take you away from the beaten track and away from the crowds. Also, pre-booking is absolutely required. Although it is generally clear you should be prepared with the right gear for any weather as the weather in the mountains can be somewhat unpredictable.


Winter in Base Camp

It has land in the Northern Hemisphere of Nepal since November. While the weather is very cold, you can still hike to Everest Base Camp. The weather will be stable and dry in winter. If you are ready, you will have a wonderful winter experience.
The night temperature at Everest Base Camp will be around -20 to 30 degrees Celsius. But the temperature in the valley will be moderate, there will be no problem if you choose to stay in tents at base camp. The days are much shorter and the nights are much colder than the day. Crowds and traffic are definitely less in this area as it is off season. Most lodges and tea houses will be empty this winter. You can enjoy discounts and hospitality. There are many trekking routes from Lukla to Everest Base Camp. The trekking king trail that goes up like the Gokyo trail and my peak trek closes in the winter.
In winter, the Everest region is dry and clear except for morning smoke and occasional snowfall. Almost all the places around the peak are covered with thick layer of snow during winter

Some Extra Tips:

  • February to May and September to October are the best seasons for the Everest Base Camp Trek. The choice of this time of year should be on the safe side, especially if you are a first time. The weather will be stable and pleasant during these months. Although it is regular weather, there will be a lot of traffic on the trekking trail and route. However the weather will be peaceful during this year, prepare for emergencies like storms or rain.


  • The less favorable month for trekking at Everest Base Camp Trek is the monsoon months which are from June to August. This is not impossible but definitely a challenge. You can expect the trekking trails to be wet and muddy and the sky to be cloudy. Trekking with proper rain gears, rain boots, backpack covers and other gear can be a great fun and experience in the hot summer.
  • If you want to avoid the crowds with your trail at Everest Base Camp, prepare yourself with some cool weather. Winter trekking in the Himalayas is a great adventure. If you don’t hate cold weather, trust me, it has other features that you can enjoy.
  • No matter what season you are hiking in, you need to maintain your health and hygiene while hiking. You need to keep yourself hydrated to feel energetic and keep the patient in height. Indulging in small snacks such as chocolates, protein bars, nuts, etc. will recharge the calories you burn throughout the day.
  • You can hire a porter to reduce your load and enjoy some more travel.


6. What is the time difference in Nepal?

  • Nepali time is GMT/UTC plus 5 hours 45 minutes. The country code for Nepal is +977.


For more personalized information about Nepal. Mail us at info@pathilholidays.com